I am Hiroyuki ENDO, a first-year student of Global Education Course at Naruto University of Education. In September 2023, I visited Zaragoza in Spain for the first meeting for the joint research between Zaragoza University and Naruto University of Education. I visited a private and a public primary school in Zaragoza.

We were welcomed by our collaborator, Prof. Monica in the University of Zaragoza. The topics of our research are studies on “Mathematics curriculum in Japan and Spain” and “Metacognitive strategies in problem posing and solving” for students in teacher training courses.

On the first day of my visit, Prof. Monica guided and showed us around the university campus and we interacted with other professors. In the evening, Professor Kusaka gave a presentation on the curriculum of Japanese arithmetic to university teachers. It was a very valuable opportunity to be there.

On the second day, we visited a private elementary school. In Spain, the new school year has just started in September. Nevertheless, the teachers welcomed me warmly and showed the first math class of the new school year. I was very grateful. In the 4th grade class, we had about 30 minutes to do math activities and origami activities. It was a simple activity with numbers up to 10, so the children were able to do the activity in English as well as Spanish. As for origami, the children were able to complete the paper airplane well with their accustomed hands. Origami works such as boats were displayed on bulletin boards in the school, so I could see that they were working on it in class. During recess after class, children said to me “thank you” and took the paper airplane and ran out onto the playground. I felt that the attitude of children who were genuinely interested in everything was universal.

On the third day, we visited a public elementary school. I felt “diversity” as the school management. There were children with special needs, and support staff were also found in each classroom. Spanish, French, and English classes were also conducted because of the special curriculum. There is a division of school duties of teachers for creating teaching materials and I saw many classes conducted with various teaching methods. What surprised me the most was that there was a simulated super-market in the school. There are many authentic items and the children were learning math shopping calculations as if they were in a real-life situation. They can learn English conversation in shopping in this special room, too. The children seemed to be learning as they felt the relation between each subject and real-life. I saw tables and chairs set up in the corridor as a free space. Students make use of the places to study as a group work in the class or to chat with their friends in the break time. Through my visit this school, I felt the education of developed countries.


We enjoyed sightseeing in our free time. There are many beautiful places in Zaragoza, where one of the famous painters, Goya grew. The Church of Our Lady of Pilar is a Baroque cathedral built in the 17th and 18th centuries. After I returned to Madrid, I visited the Segovia region, too. I saw the Roman aqueduct and the Alcázar, a castle built in the 13th century, which is said to have been the model for Snow White castle.


It was a great opportunity for me to see the education in a developed country. Japanese education is also great but I felt that it can be more improved. When I joined a coffee break with Spanish teachers, I thought that it was one of the attractive cultures. I would like to appreciate the people in Spain, especially Prof. Monica in Zaragoza university and the teachers in the elementary schools I visited. I am going to learn the education in different countries to be one of the educators in the world.








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